nginx 开机自启动 服务

1. centos 7.x 设置nginx为开机自启动服务
2. centos or fedora or RHEL 设置nginx为开机自启动服务
3. ubuntu 设置nginx为开机自启动服务

1. centos 7.x 设置nginx为开机自启动服务

在 centos7 中为nginx的启动、重启、重载配置添加脚本 nginx直接启动的方法:

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

但是不是很方便,因此使用下面的脚本来控制nginx的启动关闭重载更加合理一些。

编辑文件:vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service 添加下面的脚本,注意路径 !

[Unit]
Description=nginx - high performance web server
Documentation=http://nginx.org/en/docs/
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

systemctl的一些使用方法:

systemctl is-enabled servicename.service #查询服务是否开机启动
systemctl enable xxx.service #开机运行服务
systemctl disable xxx.service #取消开机运行
systemctl start xxx.service #启动服务
systemctl stop xxx.service #停止服务
systemctl restart xxx.service #重启服务
systemctl reload xxx.service #重新加载服务配置文件
systemctl status xxx.service #查询服务运行状态
systemctl --failed #显示启动失败的服务

因此,添加上面脚本后,centos7 中操作nginx的方法有

systemctl is-enabled nginx.service #查询nginx是否开机启动
systemctl enable nginx.service #开机运行nginx
systemctl disable nginx.service #取消开机运行nginx
systemctl start nginx.service #启动nginx
systemctl stop nginx.service #停止nginx
systemctl restart nginx.service #重启nginx
systemctl reload nginx.service #重新加载nginx配置文件
systemctl status nginx.service #查询nginx运行状态
systemctl --failed #显示启动失败的服务

2. centos or fedora or RHEL 设置nginx为开机自启动服务

nginx 脚本 Should work on RHEL, Fedora, CentOS. Tested on CentOS 5. Save this file as /etc/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15
# description:  NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config:      /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

make_dirs() {
   # make required directories
   user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
   if [ -n "$user" ]; then
      if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
         useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
      fi
      options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
      for opt in $options; do
          if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
              value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
              if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
                  # echo "creating" $value
                  mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
              fi
          fi
       done
    fi
}

start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    make_dirs
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}

stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}

restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    sleep 1
    start
}

reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}

force_reload() {
    restart
}

configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
    status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart|configtest)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
            ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
        exit 2
esac

这个脚本是nginx官方提供的,脚本地址:http://wiki.nginx.org/RedHatNginxInitScript ,不过要注意,如果你是自定义编译安装的nginx,需要根据你的安装路径修改下面这两项配置:

nginx=”/usr/sbin/nginx” #修改成nginx执行程序的路径。
NGINX_CONF_FILE=”/etc/nginx/nginx.conf” #修改成配置文件的路径。

#保存脚本文件后设置文件的执行权限:
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx
#然后,就可以通过该脚本对nginx服务进行管理了:
/etc/init.d/nginx start
/etc/init.d/nginx stop
#使用chkconfig进行管理
#使用chkconfig来设置nginx开机自启动
#先将nginx服务加入chkconfig管理列表:
chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/nginx
#加完这个之后,就可以使用service对nginx进行启动,重启等操作了。
service nginx start
service nginx stop
#设置终端模式开机启动:
chkconfig nginx on
#chkconfig命令的使用方法,就不多数啦,可以自行搜索

3. ubuntu 设置nginx为开机自启动服务

测试系统包括:ubuntu 14.04、ubuntu 16.04、ubuntu 18.04
/etc/init.d/nginx

#! /bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          nginx
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server
# Description:       starts nginx using start-stop-daemon
### END INIT INFO

PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DESC="nginx daemon"
NAME=nginx
DAEMON=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/$NAME
CONFIGFILE=/usr/local/nginx/conf/$NAME.conf
PIDFILE=/usr/local/nginx/logs/$NAME.pid
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME

set -e
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0

do_start() {
 $DAEMON -c $CONFIGFILE || echo -n "nginx already running"
}

do_stop() {
 kill -INT `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx not running"
}

do_reload() {
 kill -HUP `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n "nginx can't reload"
}

case "$1" in
 start)
 echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"
 do_start
 echo "."
 ;;
 stop)
 echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"
 do_stop
 echo "."
 ;;
 reload|graceful)
 echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration..."
 do_reload
 echo "."
 ;;
 restart)
 echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"
 do_stop
 do_start
 echo "."
 ;;
 *)
 echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|reload|restart}" >&2
 exit 3
 ;;
esac

exit 0
#赋予可执行权限
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx
#设置为nginx开机自启服务
cd /etc/init.d/
update-rc.d -f nginx defaults
#卸载nginx开机自启服务
cd /etc/init.d/
update-rc.d -f nginx remove
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